Swiss solar plane completes first intercontinental flight
A Swiss solar energy plane has landed in Morocco, completing the world’s first intercontinental flight powered by the sun to show the potential for pollution-free air travel.
The Solar Impulse took off from Madrid at 0322 GMT on Tuesday and landed at Rabat Airport after a 19-hour flight.
Shortly before Swiss pilot Bertrand Piccard landed in Rabat, the project co-founder and pilot Andre Borschberg said the aircraft has proved its sustainability.
“The aircraft can now fly day and night. It’s quite a show… It’s a technology we can trust,” he told reporters.
Pilot Piccard descended from the plane, smiling as he was greeted by Borschberg and Mustafa Bakkoury, the head of Morocco’s solar energy agency.
The Solar Impulse project began in 2003 with a 10-year budget of EUR€90 million (USD$112.5 million) and has involved engineers from Swiss lift maker Schindler and research aid from Belgian chemicals group Solvay.
On Tuesday, the aircraft crossed the Gibraltar Strait separating Africa and Europe at one of its narrowest points. The flight is crucial for the project’s developers because it would help improve the organisation of a world tour planned in 2013.
“The flight was absolutely wonderful but I almost did not enjoy it because I told myself that Andre and I have the responsibility to bring this aircraft to Morocco,” Piccard said.
The plane, which requires 12,000 solar cells, embarked on its first flight in April 2010 and completed a 26-hour flight, a record flying time for a solar powered aircraft, three months later.
It made its first international flight last month when it completed a 13-hour flight from the western Swiss town of Payern to Brussels.
With an average flying speed of 70 km/h (44 mph), Solar Impulse is not an immediate threat to commercial jets, which can easily cruise at more than 10 times the speed. A flight from Madrid to Rabat can take a little more than an hour.
Project leaders acknowledged it had been a major challenge to fit a slow-flying plane into the commercial air traffic system.
Morocco plans to award a first contract this year for 160 megawatts to be generated using concentrated-solar technology, the first step in a national plan aimed to develop 2,000-megawatts from solar energy by 2020, which corresponds to 38 percent of the country’s current installed power generation capacity.